On the eve of 2022 Beijing Olympics winter games, let’s review what is the development of China Olympics.
The introduction of the modern Olympic movement into China and its development has gone through a long process.
When preparing for the first Olympic Games in 1894, the International Olympic Committee issued an invitation to China. At that time, the Qing Dynasty did not reply because it did not understand the Olympic Games.
After 1904, the Olympic Movement gradually attracted the attention of some people of insight. Many Chinese newspapers and magazines had reported the news of the third Olympic Games, and some domestic newspapers and magazines began to report on it, and the Olympic spirit was able to spread in China.
In 1906, a Chinese magazine introduced Olympic history.
On October 24, 1907, the famous educator Zhang Boling delivered a famous speech on the theme of the Olympic Games at the award ceremony of the Tianjin Academic Games. He pointed out that although many European countries have little chance of winning, they still send athletes to participate in the Olympic Games. He suggested that China should form a team for the Olympics. After the London Olympic Games in 1908, a newspaper in Tianjin once again introduced the history of the Olympic movement, and proposed to strive for this grand event, and held a special Olympic speech conference.
From October 18th to 22nd, 1910, inspired by the slogans of “Striving to Participate in the Olympic Games as soon as possible” and “Striving to hold the Olympic Games in China as soon as possible”, the first national sports meeting was held in Nanjing- National school district team’s first sports league meeting.
In 1913, the Chinese government participated in launching the Far East Games (originally called the “Far East Olympic Games”), the pioneer of the Olympic Movement in Asia. In the Far East Games, Chinese athletes achieved good results and showed good sportsmanship.
In 1915, the International Olympic Committee called the Organizing Committee of the Far East Games, recognized the Far East Sports Association, and invited China to participate in the next Olympic Games and the Olympic Committee meeting.
In 1922, China’s Wang Zhengyan was elected as a member of the International Olympic Committee.
In 1924, the predecessor of the Chinese Olympic Committee (All-China Sports Association) was established in the capital Nanjing. China has successively joined 8 international individual sports federations including track and field, swimming, gymnastics, tennis, weightlifting, boxing, football and basketball. In the 8th Olympic Games, three Chinese tennis players participated in the exhibition match.
In the 9th Olympic Games in 1928, China sent observer Song Ruhai to participate and conduct inspection work.
In 1931, the All-China Sports Association established in Nanjing was recognized by the International Olympic Committee as the “Chinese Olympic Committee”, and the history of China’s official participation in the Olympic Games began from then on.
In 1932, the 10th Olympic Games were held in Los Angeles, USA. China did not want to send players to participate, only Shen Siliang, director general of the National Sports Association, went to watch the ceremony. The puppet Manchus supported by the Japanese imperialists proposed to send Liu Changchun and Yu Xi to participate in the Olympic Games as “Manchurian” players. Under the pressure of strong public opinion, the National Government decided to represent China in the Olympic Games with Liu Changchun and Yu Xizhi as the athletes, Song Junfu as the coach, and Shen Siliang as the team leader. Since there was no funding, Zhang Xueliang personally funded Liu Changchun and others. At the opening ceremony, Liu Changchun was the team leader, representing China in the Olympic Games. At the opening ceremony, Liu Changchun led the flag, Shen Siliang, Song Junfu, Chinese students and Chinese-Americans Liu Xuesong, Shen Guoquan, and Tuo Ping formed the Chinese delegation. Yu Xiwei failed to make the trip due to the obstruction and destruction of the Japanese side. Liu Changchun was ranked fifth and sixth in the group in the 100m and 200m preliminaries and failed to win the final, but he left his name in Chinese Olympic history as the first Chinese athlete to participate in the Olympic Games.
After the closing of the 10th Olympic Games, an inspection team consisting of Austrian member of the International Olympic Committee Schmidt, Swiss member Ma Suli and Li Mi was entrusted by IOC President Valle-Latour to visit China. The inspection team first arrived in Beijing (then called Peiping), and then set off for Shanghai. The inspection team in Shanghai condemned the war atrocities of Japan’s aggression against China. The first IOC to visit China was Japanese Jigoro Kano, the founder of Japanese judo, who was elected as a Japanese member of the IOC in 1909. In 1915, he led the Japanese team to Shanghai to participate in the 2nd Far East Games. In 1921, he represented the International Olympic Committee in the 5th Far East Games held in Shanghai.
In the 11th Olympic Games in 1936, China sent a delegation of 140 people to participate in seven events including basketball, football, swimming, track and field, weightlifting, boxing, and cycling.
In the 14th Olympic Games in 1948, China sent 33 male athletes to participate in the five events of basketball, football, track and field, swimming and cycling, but none of them entered the final.
The 15th Olympic Games were held in Helsinki, Finland in 1952. The People’s Republic of China officially accepted the invitation late and sent a delegation of 40 people, but when the delegation arrived in Helsinki, the competition was almost over, and only Wu Chuanyu participated in the 100-meter backstroke competition. The “Republic of China” refused to attend the Olympics.
In the 1954 IOC Athens annual meeting, the All-China Sports Federation was recognized as the Chinese Olympic Committee with a vote of 23:21, but at the same time, the “ROC” was retained, which opened the precedent for recognition of two national Olympic committees in one country. The International Olympic Committee later made a decision to allow the two Olympic committees to participate in the 16th Olympic Games at the same time, and stipulated that the names used by the two delegations were “Taiwan China” and “Beijing China”.
From 1952 to 1979, due to political reasons, China did not participate in several Olympic Games during the period, while Chinese Taipei sent a team to participate.
At the 1960 Rome Olympics, Taiwan’s Yang Chuanguang won the silver medal in the decathlon, the first Olympic medal won by a Chinese.
At the 1968 Mexico City Olympics, Taiwanese female athlete Ji Zheng won the bronze medal in the 80-meter hurdles. She was the first Chinese female athlete to win an Olympic medal.
In 1979, the International Olympic Committee restored China’s legal seat and decided that the name of the Olympic Committee of the People’s Republic of China was “Chinese Olympic Committee”, and the name of the Olympic Committee based in Taipei City, Taiwan Province of China was “Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee”. Since then, Chinese people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait have had the opportunity to participate in the Olympic Games.
The Chinese delegation participated in the Winter Olympics twice in 1980 and 1984.
In July 1984, the 23rd Olympic Games in Los Angeles, USA, the Chinese Olympic Committee sent a large sports delegation to participate in the event. 52 years ago, China participated in the 10th Olympic Games for the first time, and the venue was also in Los Angeles. At that time, only Liu Changchun was the only athlete. This time, 225 athletes participated in the other 16 major events except football, hockey, boxing, equestrian and modern pentathlon. The Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee also sent 67 athletes to participate in competitions such as track and field, swimming, and weightlifting. On the first day after the opening of the Los Angeles Olympic Games, the Chinese sports delegation, which returned to the Olympic Games, showed the style of an emerging world sports power.
Xu Haifeng’s gold medal in the men’s pistol slow shooting competition made China get rid of the 100 years shame of “sick man of East Asia”.
In 1991, Beijing, China submitted an application to the International Olympic Committee to host the 2000 Summer Olympics, but it was unsuccessful by only two votes.
In 1999, the Beijing Municipal Government once again submitted an application to host the 2008 Olympic Games. With the approval of the Chinese Olympic Committee, the mayor personally went to the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee to submit the application. In the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, the Chinese delegation achieved good results, ranking third in both the gold medal list and the medal list, marking that China’s sports level has entered the ranks of the world.
At 22:10 on July 13, 2001, Beijing time, Beijing won the right to host the 29th 2008 Olympic Games at the 112th Plenary Session of the International Olympic Committee.
On August 8, 2008, the Beijing Olympic Games opened successfully. China Olympics sports development enter a higher level.
On February 10, 2010, the International Olympic Committee held its 122nd plenary session in Vancouver, Canada, and voted to choose Nanjing as the host city for the 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games in 2014.
At 20:00 on August 16, 2014, the 2014 Nanjing Youth Olympic Games opened in Nanjing, China. The Nanjing Youth Olympic Games is another major Olympic event in China after the Beijing Olympic Games. It is the first Youth Olympic Games held in China and the second Olympic Games held in China.
On July 31, 2015 (Beijing time), President of the International Olympic Committee Bach officially announced at the 128th meeting of the International Olympic Committee that Beijing has won the right to host the 2022 Winter Olympics.
Above is a brief introduction of the China Olympics history, it clearly shows a strong and prosperious country is the foundation for everything, including Olympics sports.