Common knowledge about the Olympic Games

1. What is the Olympic Games

The Olympic Games, or “Olympics” for short, is the world’s largest comprehensive sports event hosted by the International Olympic Committee. It is held every four years and does not exceed 16 days. It is the most influential sports event in the world. The Olympic Games are divided into Summer Olympics, Summer Paralympics, Winter Olympics, Winter Paralympics, Summer Youth Olympics, Winter Youth Olympics, World Summer Special Olympics, World Winter Special Olympics, and Summer Olympics for the Deaf, and Winter Olympics for the Deaf. The latest Olympics Games organized is the Tokyo Summer Olympics. In Feb 2022, Beijing will host the 24th Winter Olympics and the Winter Paralympics.

Two great websites to know about Olympic Winter Games Beijing 2022 are:

https://olympics.com/en/beijing-2022/ and

https://www.beijing2022.cn/en/

2. Origin of the Olympic Games

The Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece more than two thousand years ago, and were named after Olympia. Ancient Greece was a martial nation. At that time, the ancient Greek nation was a small scattered country with city-states as a unit. There were often annexations and competitions between city-states, and there was no unified monarch. Years of wars required strong, agile soldiers, so they gathered together to compete in track and field, wrestling, pentathlon, boxing, horse racing, gladiatorial competition and other events. In fact, the ancient Olympic Games were mainly dedicated to gods and rich in content. It was a comprehensive event in Greece in various forms. Including offering sacrifices to the god Zeus, worshipping, and carrying out bazaar trade activities, sports competitions are only one of the contents.

The modern Olympics is an initiative proposed by the Frenchman Coubertin at the end of the 19th century. It is to promote the overall development of human physiology, psychology, and social morality, and to communicate with people from all over the world. It is an international social movement that spreads Olympicism throughout the world and maintains world peace.

3. Olympic logo, the Olympic rings

The Olympic logo is determined by the “Olympic Charter” and is also known as the Olympic rings logo. It is composed of 5 Olympic rings, which can be monochromatic, or blue, yellow, black, green, and red, representing Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania and America respectively. The rings are connected to each other from left to right, with blue, black, and red rings on the top, and yellow and green rings on the bottom. It symbolizes the unity of the five continents and athletes from all over the world meet at the Olympic Games in a fair, game with friendly spirit.

4 Olympic motto (slogan): higher, faster, stronger, and together

This motto is a saying that Didon, a good friend of Coubertin and dean of the Abbey of Aquière in Paris, said when he encouraged the students at an outdoor sports meeting held by his students. He said: “Here, your slogan is: faster, higher, stronger.” Coubertin borrowed this sentence and applied it to the Olympic movement. In 1920, the International Olympic Committee officially recognized it as Olympic motto and used it for the first time at the Antwerp Olympics.

In order to better respond to the post-epidemic era, on July 20, 2021, the 138th plenary meeting of the International Olympic Committee voted and agreed to add a word “Together” after the Olympic motto “faster, higher, stronger”.

5 Olympic Day

In January 1948, at the 42nd Plenary Session of the International Olympic Committee, June 23 of each year is designated as Olympic Day. It held celebrations to commemorate the birth of the International Olympic Committee, promoted the Olympic ideals and promoted popularization. Since 1987, the International Olympic Committee has initiated the “Olympic Day Run” event.

6 Olympic oath

The Olympic oath was adopted by the International Olympic Committee in 1913 and formally implemented in 1920 (the 1916 Olympic Games were suspended due to World War I).

The latest oath is:

In the name of the athletes.

In the name of all judges.

In the name of all the coaches and officials.

We promise to take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules and in the spirit of fair play, inclusion and equality. Together we stand in solidarity and commit ourselves to sport without doping, without cheating, without any form of discrimination. We do this for the honour of our teams, in respect for the Fundamental Principles of Olympism, and to make the world a better place through sport.

7 Information about the Olympic Games

Where is the birthplace of the Olympic Movement?

Answer: Olympia is the birthplace of the Olympic Movement, located about 300 kilometers southwest of the Greek capital Athens.

How did the Olympic torch originate?

Answer: The Olympic torch originated from the story of Prometheus stealing fire for mankind in ancient Greek mythology. In order to commemorate this mythical hero, the ancient Olympic Games adopted the ceremony of lighting the holy fire.

Who is the founder of the ancient Olympic Games?

Answer: The founder of the ancient Olympic Games is Iphitus.

Who is the founder of the modern Olympics?

Answer: The founder of the modern Olympic movement is Coubertin, who was the second chairman of the International Olympic Committee. (Not the first)

Where is the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee?

Answer: The headquarters of the International Olympic Committee is located in Lausanne, Switzerland.

What kind of organization is the International Olympic Committee?

Answer: The International Olympic Committee is a legal entity with legal status and permanent inheritance rights. It is a non-profit organization.

What is the official language used by the International Olympic Committee?

Answer: The “Olympic Charter” stipulates that the official languages ​​of the International Olympic Committee are French and English, so IOC members must be able to speak English or French. In recent years, Spanish, Russian, and German have been added. These five languages ​​are official languages ​​and are spoken simultaneously at meetings.If there is any discrepancy between the English and French versions, the French version shall prevail.

What is the goal of the Olympic Movement?

Answer: The Olympic Charter expressly stipulates that:

The goal of Olympism is to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of humankind, with a view to promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity, to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport practised in accordance with Olympism and its values.

What is the spirit of the Olympics?

Answer: The Olympic spirit is embodied in the objectives and mottos and slogans that the Olympic Movement has always followed. “Peace, friendship, progress” is a high-level summary of the Olympic mission.

The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.

This is same to Jiayue Pins our factory, we do not manufacture medals or pins for Olympic games, but we do manufacture similar sports pins and medals for companies and sports teams,etc.

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